What is CFD trading
A Contract for Difference (CFD) is a financial derivative that allows you to potentially profit by speculating on the rise or fall of an underlying asset, without actually owning that asset.
The movement of the underlying asset determines your profit or loss – depending on the position that you have taken.
Advantages of CFD trading
- Trade with leverage
Trade a larger position than your exisiting capital.
- Hedge your portfolio
Offset potential losses to your investment portfolio by hedging with CFDs.
- Go long and short
Trade long and short positions, depending on your preferred strategy.
What you can trade with CFDs
Contracts for difference (CFDs) allow you to speculate on a number of markets, including indices, shares, and commodities. At Binary.com, we offer popular cash indices, cryptocurrencies, as well as proprietary Volatility Indices that simulate market movement.
How to trade CFDs
New to CFD trading? We explain a few basics that all CFD traders need to know before they start trading.
When to buy and sell
When you are trading CFDs, you can choose to open a buy position (if you think that the price will rise) or a sell position (if you think that the price will fall).
In this case, you predict that the price will rise. This is also known as 'going long'.
In this case, you predict that the price will fall. This is also known as 'going short'.
Let's use the US 100 index as an example:
If you decide to buy or 'go long' on the US 100 index, your profit will continue to increase as long as the price of the US 100 index keeps rising. However, if the price falls, the losses you incur will also increase.
The opposite is true if you decide to sell or 'go short' on the US 100 index. This means that your profit will continue to increase as long as the price of the US 100 index keeps falling. However, if the price rises, the losses you incur will also increase.
How to calculate your profits and losses
Let's say a US 100 contract is worth USD 1 per point in the underlying asset. If you decide to 'go long' on the US 100, and the asset price rises by 10 points, that represents a USD 10 profit for you.
However, if the asset price falls by 10 points, that represents a USD 10 loss for you.
To learn more, please read our CFD contract specifications.
How to close a position
When you decide to close an open contract, you only need to take the opposite position in order to close the contract.
For example, if you buy a US 100 contract and it's not going as planned, you just need to sell it to cut your losses at the current market price.
CFD margin policy
Margin allows you to trade on leverage – giving you the same level of market exposure using much less capital.
For example, if you wanted to purchase 100 units of a particular asset trading at USD 50 per unit through a traditional broker, it would cost you USD 5,000 for this transaction.
With leverage, you can purchase 100 units of the same asset at a fraction of the cost.
How to calculate margin
You can determine the margin for our CFDs by using the formula below:
For example, if you buy one lot of an underlying asset at a price of USD 20,000 and a margin rate of 0.01, the margin required to purchase that one lot will be calculated as follows:
What's a margin call and how is it applied
Equity is the sum of your balance and floating profit and loss (PnL). Margin level is the ratio of equity to margin. When that ratio reaches a specified percentage (usually 100%), your account will be placed under margin call. This does not affect your ability to open new positions; it serves to alert you that your floating PnL is moving lower. However, it is recommended to add funds to your account in order to keep your positions open. Alternatively, you may close losing positions.
What's a stop out level and how is it applied
If your margin level reaches an even lower level (usually 50%), it will reach the stop out level where it is unable to sustain an open position. This will lead to some, or all your open positions being forcibly closed (also known as "forced liquidation").
When your account hits the forced liquidation level, your orders and positions are forcibly closed in the following sequence:
- We delete an order with the largest margin reserved
- If your margin level is still under the stop out level, your next order will be deleted. However, orders without margin requirements will not be deleted
- If your margin level is still under the stop out level, we will close an open position with the largest loss
- We will continue to close open positions until your margin level becomes higher than the stop out level
CFD contract specifications
|Symbol||Description||Lot size||Minimum volume||Volume step|
|DAX_30||Germany 30 Cash Index||EUR 1 per point||1||0.10|
|Symbol||Lot size||Minimum volume||Volume step|
|Volatility 10 Index||USD 1 per point||0.10||0.01|
|Volatility 25 Index||USD 1 per point||0.50||0.01|
|Volatility 50 Index||USD 1 per point||0.50||0.01|
|Volatility 75 Index||USD 1 per point||0.01||0.01|
|Volatility 100 Index||USD 1 per point||0.01||0.01|
|HF Volatility 10 Index||USD 1 per point||0.10||0.01|
|HF Volatility 50 Index||USD 1 per point||0.50||0.01|
|HF Volatility 100 Index||USD 1 per point||0.30||0.01|
|Symbol||Description||Lot size||Minimum volume||Volume step|
|CL_BRENT||Crude Oil Brent Cash||USD 1 per point||1||1|
|WTI||West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Cash||USD 1 per point||1||1|
How to read the table above
A Contract for Difference (CFD) is a financial derivative that allows you to profit by speculating on the rise or fall of an underlying asset. Your profit and loss is calculated through the difference in the buy and sell prices of the underlying asset.
For example, a CFD on Binary.com's US 30 index offers a USD 1 per point contract. If you buy a Volume 1.0 contract for the US 30 with a current ask price of USD 20,000 and later sell it at a bid price of USD 20,010, your net profit will be calculated as follows:
(Sell Price – Buy Price) x Volume x Price Per Point = Profit
(20010 – 20000) x 1 x 1 = USD 10
Each time you open a position on an index symbol, you can start with a minimum volume transaction as indicated in the table above.
To learn more, read our Margin Policy that further explains our margin requirements.
Important notes on our swap rates (overnight funding)
If you keep any positions open overnight, an interest adjustment will be made to your trading account as indication of the cost required to keep your position open.
This interest adjustment (or swap rate) is based on market rates, on top of a 2% fee.
The interest adjustment is calculated in points, meaning we will convert the relevant market rates to points in the base instrument.
Please take note that our swap rate also depends on the time and days you hold your positions open:
- You will be subjected to swap rates if you keep a position open past the market close.
- Positions that are still open on Friday at market close will be charged three times the swap rate to account for weekends, a standard practice for all brokers.
- Our swap rate may also be adjusted to take holidays into account.